What is pellet?
The pellet is today one of the most used biomass in the market. It is obtained from sawdust and residues of wood processing which are dried and compressed under high pressure in order to obtain small cylinders, typically variable in size from 6 to 10 mm.
In the compression phase of sawdust, wood naturally transforms into lignin, a substance with high binding power. Thus obtained compact cylinders, without the addition of any additives or chemical. Therefore, an all natural, high fuel efficiency is obtained.
Ideal for feeding heating systems, the pellet is clean, non-polluting and CO2 neutral. Burns completely with minimal residual ash, while ensuring high thermal performance time (over 80%).
Pellet is organic. Pellet production preclude the need to cut down trees, because it is essentially derived from waste produced by sawmills and joinery, which otherwise would be eliminated. Furthermore, the pellet produces very low emissions of CO2 and it burns completely, with minimal residual ash, which can be used as fertilizer in agricultural field and cultivated in nurseries.
Pellet is renewable. Sawdust is a natural element, but if it is produced in large quantities, their removal can become a real environmental problem. Producing pellets helps to effectively eliminate waste.
Pellet is economical. Compared with traditional fossil fuels, the pellet is undoubtedly the most economical, and its cost is much lower than natural gas or oil. A good quality pellet cost around 4/5 € * per bag (about 15 kg). Although the price has increased in recent years, the cost of pellets is still much lower than traditional fuels, which, to ensure the same thermal performance produced by 15 kg of pellet, the price can reach even triple in the case of fuels such as natural gas. **
Pellet is handy. One of its main features is the density, which guarantees ease of transportation and storage. The pellet is packed in sacks and practical volume is halved compared to the space required for storing firewood. The pellet is bought ready to use, unlike the wood to be used should be collected, cut and placed in covered places to ensure the absence of moisture.
The pellet is safe. The pellet is undoubtedly safer than fossil fuels, because it is less flammable. Moreover, the absence of chemical additives and adhesives it means less toxicity.
A pellet stove is a device similar to a traditional wood stove heating. In recent years, the variety of stoves has increased considerably, and has differentiated by features, material and design. Traditionally, the material used for the realization of pellet stoves is casting for the combustion chamber and the ceramic exterior parts that will not overheat and has the ability to keep warm for a long time. From an aesthetic point of view, the ceramic is able to offer a classic style, characterized by relief decorations and a wide variety of colors. Recently, with modern technologies, the producers have increased the types of stoves coated sheet, equally safe and resistant to high temperatures, allowing coating the stove body with the most varied forms, since the sheet is highly workable and capable of meet any design.
With the use of electronics pellet stoves have the advantage, over traditional stoves, of being able to dose the fuel and precisely control of the temperature, which can be regulated by standard thermostats.
* All prices are indicative and updated December 2013
** Comparison is indicative and subject to market fluctuations. Any responsibility for the use of these guidelines, used to be pure informational purposes prior declines.